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Scientists Make Petrol From Air (20th October, 2012)

A small British company has developed a way to create petrol from air and water. Their technology could help in the battle against climate change. It could also be an answer to the world's energy problems. The company is in the north of England and is called Air Fuel Synthesis (AFS). Engineers said they have made five litres of petrol so far. It takes 24 hours to make one litre. The company needs more time to be able to produce their petrol at a cheaper cost. They say they could be ready to sell it in 15 years.

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The technique to make the petrol involves mixing carbon dioxide from air and hydrogen from water. It turns the two chemicals into methanol. This is then converted into petrol. Peter Harrison, boss of AFS, said his petrol was cleaner than that made from oil. "It's actually cleaner because it's synthetic," he said. He added: "When oil becomes a problem we will be able to [help] to keep cars moving or to keep aeroplanes moving." Industry expert Tim Fox said: "It sounds too good to be true, but it is true."

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PHRASE MATCH

Match the following phrases from the article.

Paragraph 1

1.

a way to create petrol

a.

change

2

the battle against climate

b.

make one litre

3.

an answer to the world's

c.

from air and water

4.

they have made five litres of petrol

d.

in 15 years

5.

It takes 24 hours to

e.

energy problems

6.

they could be ready to sell it

f.

so far

Paragraph 2

1.

The technique to

a.

into methanol

2

carbon

b.

becomes a problem

3.

It turns the two chemicals

c.

good to be true

4.

It's actually cleaner because

d.

dioxide

5.

When oil

e.

make the petrol

6.

It sounds too

f.

it's synthetic


LISTENING GAP FILL

A small British company has developed (1) __________________ petrol from air and water. Their technology could help in the battle (2) ___________________. It could also be an answer to the world's energy problems. The company (3) ______________ England and is called Air Fuel Synthesis (AFS). Engineers said they have made five litres (4) ___________________. It takes 24 hours to make one litre. The company needs more time to be able to produce their petrol (5) ___________________. They say they could be (6) ___________________ 15 years.

The (7) ___________________ the petrol involves mixing carbon dioxide from air and hydrogen from water. It turns the two chemicals into methanol. This is (8) ___________________ petrol. Peter Harrison, boss of AFS, said his petrol was cleaner (9) ___________________ oil. "It's actually cleaner because it's synthetic," he said. He added: "(10) ___________________ problem we will be able (11) ___________________ cars moving or to keep aeroplanes moving." Industry expert Tim Fox said: "It sounds (12) ___________________ true, but it is true."


MULTIPLE CHOICE

A small British company has developed a (1) ____ to create petrol from air and water. Their technology could help in the battle (2) ____ climate change. It could also be an (3) ____ to the world's energy problems. The company is (4) ____ the north of England and is called Air Fuel Synthesis (AFS). Engineers said they have made five litres of petrol (5) ____ far. It takes 24 hours to make one litre. The company needs more time to be able to produce their petrol at a cheaper cost. They say they could be (6) ____ to sell it in 15 years.

The technique to make the petrol involves (7) ____ carbon dioxide from air and hydrogen from water. It turns the two chemicals (8) ____ methanol. This is (9) ____ converted into petrol. Peter Harrison, boss of AFS, said his petrol was cleaner than that made from oil. "It's actually cleaner because it's synthetic," he said. He added: "When oil becomes a (10) ____ we will be (11) ____ to [help] to keep cars moving or to keep aeroplanes moving." Industry expert Tim Fox said: "It sounds (12) ____ good to be true, but it is true."

Put the correct words from this table into the article.

1.

(a)

weigh

(b)

ways

(c)

way

2.

(a)

against

(b)

for

(c)

win

3.

(a)

reply

(b)

respond

(c)

answer

4.

(a)

up

(b)

in

(c)

at

5.

(a)

as

(b)

of

(c)

so

6.

(a)

already

(b)

ready

(c)

ready steady go

7.

(a)

mixing

(b)

maxing

(c)

mining

8.

(a)

into

(b)

up to

(c)

onto

9.

(a)

that

(b)

then

(c)

therefore

10.

(a)

answer

(b)

solution

(c)

problem

11.

(a)

can

(b)

able

(c)

could

12

(a)

too

(b)

to

(c)

two


SPELLING

Spell the jumbled words (from the text) correctly.

Paragraph 1

1.

evldeoepd a way to create petrol

2.

the battle stngaai climate change

3.

an answer to the world's ereygn problems

4.

in the rtnho of England

5.

petrol at a ecaerhp cost

6.

yedra to sell it

 

Paragraph 2

7.

The ienhtcuqe to make the petrol

8.

enrgdohy from water

9.

nvetoredc into petrol

10.

cleaner because it's hsticntey

11.

keep cars vgomni

12.

Industry xpteer


PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER

Number these lines in the correct order.

(    )

The technique to make the petrol involves mixing carbon dioxide from air and hydrogen

(    )

a problem we will be able to [help] to keep cars moving or to keep aeroplanes

(    )

into petrol. Peter Harrison, boss of AFS, said his petrol was cleaner than that made from oil. "It's actually

(    )

of England and is called Air Fuel Synthesis (AFS). Engineers said they have made five litres of petrol so

(    )

answer to the world's energy problems. The company is in the north

1  )

A small British company has developed a way to create petrol from air

(    )

and water. Their technology could help in the battle against climate change. It could also be an

(    )

far. It takes 24 hours to make one litre. The company needs more time to be able to

(    )

from water. It turns the two chemicals into methanol. This is then converted

(    )

produce their petrol at a cheaper cost. They say they could be ready to sell it in 15 years.

(    )

cleaner because it's synthetic," he said. He added: "When oil becomes

(    )

moving." Industry expert Tim Fox said: "It sounds too good to be true, but it is true."


PUT THE WORDS IN THE RIGHT ORDER

With a partner, put the words back into the correct order.

1.

create     Developed     petrol     a     from     way     air     to.    

2.

against     battle     the     in     Help     change     climate.    

3.

to     the     Be     world's     an     energy     answer     problems.    

4.

litres     so     They     five     petrol     made     of     far     have.    

5.

sell     it     in     15     years     They     could     be     ready     to.    

6.

chemicals     two     the     turns     It     methanol     into.    

7.

is     converted     petrol     This     then     into.    

8.

actually     because     synthetic     It's     cleaner     it's.    

9.

to     help     to     keep     cars     moving     We     will     be     able.    

10.

it     true     good     It     is    ,    to    sounds    true    but     be     too.    


DISCUSSION (Write your own questions)

STUDENT A's QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STUDENT B's QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________


WRITING

Write about climate change for 10 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other's work.

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. PETROL FROM AIR: Search the Internet and find more information about petrol from air. Talk about what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

3. MAGAZINE ARTICLE: Write a magazine article about climate change. Include an imaginary interview with the boss of the petrol-from-air company. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

4. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

5. LETTER: Write a letter to a climate change expert. Ask him/her three questions about climate change and the petrol from air. Give him/her three of your opinions on the new way to make petrol. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Your partner will answer the questions you asked.

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